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Joni Varner

Test Terms for 2008 Book (Cinema 1 / Exam #2)

You will need to bring a Scantron (#882) Form to class (for sale in the LACC Bookstore) and a #2 pencil. This is NOT an open book test, but use of an English/Foreign Language Dictionary is allowed.

Chapter 9: The Shoot

  • Production Crew (pp. 315-6)
    • Producer(s)
    • Unit Production Manager (U.P.M.)
    • 1st Assistant Director (A.D.)
    • 2nd Assistant Director (A.D.)
    • Script Supervisor
    • Production Assistant (P.A.)
    • Director
    • Casting (p. 317)
    • Director of Photography (D.P.)
    • Camera Operator
    • 1st Assistant Camera Operator (A.C.)
    • 2nd Assistant Camera Operator (A.C.)
    • Digital Image Technician (D.I.T.)
    • Still Photographer
    • Sound:
    • Mixer/Boom Operator/Cable
    • Electrical:
      • Gaffer/Best Boy/Electricians
    • Grip:
      • Key/Best Boy/Grips/Dolly
    • Art Department:
      • Prod Designer/ Art Director
      • Set Decorator/Dresser
    • Construction/Greenspeople
    • Props
    • Make-Up:
      • Keys Hair And Make-Up
      • SFX Make-Up
    • Wardrobe:
      • Costume Designer/Costumers
    • Locations
    • Transportation (Drivers)
    • Physical Effects
    • Visual Effects (VFX)
    • Second Unit (p. 316)
  • MOS (p. 340)
  • Scenes/Shots (p. 323)
  • Takes/Setup (p. 323)
  • Circled Takes (p. 342)
  • Standard Shot Progression: (p. 325)
    • Long Shot /Master Shot (p. 324)
    • Medium Shot
    • Close-Ups
  • Angle/Reverse-Angle Shot (p. 324)
  • Point-of -View Shot (P.O.V.) (p. 324)
  • Static Shot/Moving Shot (p. 325)
  • Pick-Ups (p. 329)
  • Storyboard (p. 313)
  • Camera Angles (Height):
    • High/Eye/Low Level (Not in book)
  • Screen Direction (p. 490)
  • 180-Degree Rule (The Line) (pp. 326-328)
  • Director's Finder (p. 318)
  • GafferÕs Glass (Contrast Viewing) (p.479)
  • Composition: (pp. 325-326)
    • Leading the Action/Look Space
    • Rule of Thirds/TV Safe (p. 331)
  • Continuity (p. 328, P. 365)
    • Overlap of Action
  • Cutaways/Inserts (pp. 328 & 487)
  • Jump Cuts (p. 489)
  • Pulled (Rack) Focus (p. 329)
  • Dutch Angle (Dutch Tilt) (p. 329)
  • Shooting Ratio (10:1 etc.) (pp. 320-321)
  • Tripod Heads (pp. 344 - 345):
    • Friction/ Fluid/Geared Heads
  • Tripod Legs (pp. 344 - 345)
    • Standard/Baby Legs/High Hat
  • Spreader (Spider, Triangle) (p. 345)
  • Suction Cup Camera Mounts (p. 347)
  • Apple Boxes (p. 347)
  • Speed Rail
  • Pan & Tilt, Swish Pan (p. 348)
  • Dolly (Crab), Track, Truck (p. 348)
  • Camera Crane or Boom (p. 348)
  • Hand-held (pp. 351-352)
  • Moving Vehicle Shooting (p. 351)
  • Image Stabilization Devices: (p. 353-5)
    • Optical for High End DV Cameras
    • Electronic for Consumer DV (EIS)
    • Steadicam (p. 353)

Chapter 10: Sound Recording Systems

  • Frequency/Pitch (Hz) (pp. 369-370)
  • Amplitude (Volume) (p. 369)
    • dB (Decibels)
  • Dynamic Range (p. 369)
  • S/N (Signal to Noise Ratio) (p. 369)
  • Sweetening (p. 626)
  • Magnetic Tape Recorders (pp. 371-2):
    • DAT (Digital Audio Tape)
    • Nagraª Analog Reel-to-Reel
    • Pilot Head/Playback Head (p. 387)
  • Types: Digital Audio Recorders (pp. 377-9):
    • Hard Drive/Laptop
    • Flash Memory
    • DVD/CD/Discs
  • Recording in the Video Camera (pp. 383-6)
  • Resolution (Sound Quality) (pp. 374-6):
    • Sampling Rate/Bit Depth
    • DV Has 48 KHz at 16 Bits
  • Audio File Formats (BWF+) (pp. 379-380)
  • Microphones (pp. 390-395):
    • Mic vs. Line Level (p. 401)
    • Transducing Elements (p. 390):
      • Dynamic (Rugged/No Battery)
      • Condenser (Sensitive/Needs Power)
    • Pick-Up Patterns: (pp. 391-393)
      • Omnidirectional (Non-Directional)
      • Cardioid (Front & Sides)
      • Hypercardioid (Front Only) (Shotgun)
    • Types & Usage: (pp. 396-399)
    • Hand/Boom/Fishpole/Lavaliere (Lapel)
    • Wireless Mics (RF) (p. 397)
    • Windscreen/Zeppelin (p. 395-6)
  • Balanced/Unbalanced Cable (pp. 402-404)
  • Impedance: High & Low (pp. 402-404)
    • Matching Transformer
  • Audio Connectors: (p. 403)
    • (Balanced) XLR & 3 Conductor
    • (Unbalanced): Mini/1/4Ó/ Phono

Chapter 11: Sound Recording Techniques

  • Sound Person or Mixer (pp.404-413):
    • Mic, Cable, Headphones, Recorder, Mixer
    • Prepares Sound Report/Labels
    • Reference Tone/Head Slate (p. 421)
  • VU Meter (Volume Unit) (0 dB) (p. 421)
  • Digital Levels (-20dB) (pp. 417 - 419)
    • Avg. peaks about Ð20dB, not above Ð10dB
  • Level/Gain/Pot (p. 414)
  • Automatic Gain Control (or AGC) (p. 422)
  • Ambient Sound/Room Tone (pp. 424-5)
  • Acoustics (Live, Dead) (p. 425)
  • Ideal Placement of Mics (p. 413-414)
    • Proximity Effect
  • Multiple Microphones:
    • Phase Cancellation (p. 430)
  • Slate/Clapper/Sticks (pp. 435-6)
    • Head/Tail Slate
  • Time Code (Digi-Slate) (p. 438)
  • Recording A ÒHollywood StyleÓ Take (p.437)

Chapter 12: Lighting

  • Available Light (p. 443)
  • Naturalistic Light (p. 467)
  • Hard Light/Specular Light (p. 444)
  • Soft Light /Diffuse Light (p. 444)
  • Top Light/Underlight (p. 447)
  • Lighting Contrast (pp. 447 - 449):
    • Low Key/High Contrast
    • High Key/Low Contrast
  • Wattage: 1k, 2k, 5k, 10k (p. 449)
    • Aces (1k) And Deuces (2k) (p. 456)
    • Spots: Inky/Baby/Junior/Senior
  • Inverse Square Law (p. 450)
  • Lamp Head/Bulb (pp. 449, 451)
  • TungstenÐHalogenÐQuartz (p. 451)
    • (CTO) 3200ûK
  • HMI Lights (Formerly Carbon Arc) (p.452)
    • (CTB) 5600ûK
  • Fluorescent Bulbs (pp. 453-455)
  • Plus Green/Minus Green Gels (p. 482)
  • Spotlights (Focusing) (pp. 455-456):
    • Fresnel Lens (p. 455)
    • Open Face (No Lens) (p. 456)
  • Floodlights (Nonfocusing):
    • (PAR) SealedÐBeam Lights (p. 457)
    • Scoops/Broads (p. 457)
  • Diffusion Materials (p. 457)
    • Scrims (p. 464)
  • Bounce Light (p. 459)
    • Foam Core/Show Cards
  • Reflectors: (p. 460)
    • Foil or Space Blanket
  • Eye/Obie/Bash Light (p. 461)
  • LED Lights (p. 455)
  • Spill Light Control (pp. 462 Ð 463):
    • Flags, Barndoors, Net, Cucoloris, Snoot
  • CÐStands (Century Stands) (p. 464)
  • Location Lighting: Polecats, etc. (p. 464)
    • Practicals (p. 460)
  • Dimmers (p. 464)
  • Gels: CTO & CTB (p. 465)
  • Dichroic Filters (p. 466)
  • Three Point Lighting (pp. 468-474)
    • Key/Fill/Back
  • Lighting Contrast: (p. 478)
    • Typical Ratios: (2:1, 3:1, 4:1)
  • Butterfly/Silk (pp. 479 - 480)
  • Magic/Golden Hour (p.483)
  • Night/Day for Night (pp. 482-483)
  • Mixed Color Temperature (pp. 480-482)
  • Formula for determining amps: (p. 484):
    • Amps = Watts/Volts

There will be a total of 50 questions in the format of Multiple Choice and True/False.
There will also be extra credit questions on the videos that have been shown in class.

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